Kim Sterelny: The Evolved Apprentice

As a profession Interesting content but Sterelny presumes a level of knowledge above the average layman This book is for perhaps Honors students or very keen undergraduates with a firm grasp of evolutionary theory evolutionary psychology and philosophy of biology The multi level selection model was refreshing to read and is intuitively plausible so long as one keeps in mind what level of description a particular phenomena is meant to exist at don t look for culture in the genesBe prepared to have to google multiple references to get sufficient background on key concepts that ou may not be familiar with such as phenotypic plasticity Sterelny provides a new way of thinking about what has driven the evolution of uniue human cognition and culture in terms of a feedback loop between increasing co operation and specialised social learning The model is extremely plausible and he provides strong arguments and evidence to back it up I felt the book as a whole didn t always stay on target it felt like he strayed away from specifically his apprentice learning model to discuss other aspects of human social life and cognition peripheral to his case Recommended for anyone studying human sciences or evolutionary biology 4PTR New Thinking. On sharing practices across generations and how these practices transformed human minds and social lives Sterelny proposes that humans developed a new form of ecological interaction with their environment cooperative foraging The ability to cope with the immense variety of human ancestral environments and social forms he argues depended not just on adapted minds but also on adapted developmental environmen.

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L learning a key adaptation which ultimately made us human It is entertaining enough and how much Hai nhà you value it depends on how reliableou think evolutionary psychology is I myself am agnostic on it with a wait and see attitude but the evolutionary psych has always been interesting to me Depends on some assumptions I just can t buy but which are very common in anthropology Aside form that even the academic tone didn t turn me off this volume And the argument is broad enough to survive the crumbling of those assumptions I found the title a little off putting though It is less about evolution than positing possible cultural adaptions of early hom An outstanding addition to anyone interested in understanding the evolution of complex human sociality in general and our amazing achievements Essentially and crudely stated our evolved and advanced learning capacity coupled with downloaded cognition in the form of artifacts is responsible I feel like Sterelny s reflections on high price defection from the norms of the larger society p119 as a way of enforcing strong group commitments should figure in any explanation of why the excruciating job market experience in philosophy actually contributes to stronger commitments to philosophy. Dually came to enrich the learning environment of the next generation Humans came to cooperate in sharing information and to cooperate ecologically and reproductively as well and these changes initiated positive feedback loops that drove us further from other great apesSterelny develops a new theory of the evolution of human cognition and human social life that emphasizes the gradual evolution of informati.

This book is a work of evolutionary psychology It has all the vices and virtues of this field I will not go into a debate on the merits or lack thereof of evolutionary psych but I will just describe the argument It sets out to answer a uestion since human evolution was relatively fast and extreme what is the main driver of this change that made a chimplike primate into the current superspecies The book argues that the variable environment nudge hominid development into a positive feedback loop with the need for social learning as the driver We became a species where our oung had to be apprenticed in survival expertise which was handed down generationally That is why the book has this title With the adaptation of social learning our brains got larger to communicate expertise which morphed into language we could then form larger groups and specialize which had great survival benefits at the same time put us in an arms race with free riders who exploit social networks but don t contribute and people learning to detect such cheaters This arms race between the cheaters and cheated expanded or social cognition and gave a basis for the euipment to build a moral system In essence the author argues that variable environment made socia. Over the last three million ears or so our lineage has diverged sharply from those of our great ape relatives Change has been rapid in evolutionary terms and pervasive Morphology life history social life sexual behavior and foraging patterns have all shifted sharply away from those of the other great apes In The Evolved Apprentice Kim Sterelny argues that the divergence stems from the fact that humans gra.

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After studying philosophy at Sydney University Kim Sterelny taught philosophy in Australia at Sydney ANU where he was Research Fellow and then Senior Research Fellow in Philosophy at RSSS from 1983 until 1987 and La Trobe Universities before taking up a position at Victoria University in Wellington where he held a Personal Chair in Philosophy For a few years he spent half of each year at